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dcyphr | Social Sciences
Social Sciences

Research involving the intricate relationships among humans and society.

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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Main textThe underrepresentation of Black scientists goes beyond the research team, it applies to the authors, reviewers, and advisory board. It is easy to redirect the blame and point out that any journal is a reflection of the scientific ecosystem. To hide behind statistics. It is an epidemic of denial and it is vital that everybody deny the status quo to fight the overt racism which cripples the lives of Black Americans, including Black scientists. Science has a racism problem Look at human g...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Black American communities are suffering tremendously from the COVID-19 pandemic. Underlying health and social problems make the issues from the pandemic worse. The syndemic theory can help to understand what is happening. A syndemic is when multiple diseases concentrate in a particular community. The co-occurence of the diseases worsen the outcomes of the diseases. The syndemic often coincides with the social problems of that community. Social factors and history have especially caused...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractUsing a structured interview on an ethnically diverse sample of 394 adolescents from 2 outpatient settings, the authors tested the relationship between reported histories of childhood maltreatment, symptoms of drug (mainly alcohol) abuse and dependence, and risky sexual behavior. They found symptoms of alcohol abuse and dependence mediated relations between scores of (1) emotional neglect (2) sex with co-occurring alcohol use and (3) sexual abuse with sex with co-occurring alcohol abuse....
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractRacial and ethnic disparities in access to health care could be a result of discrimination. In this study, the researchers wanted to identify differences in the rates at which patients, based on their race, are offered primary care appointments and how long they wait for those primary care appointments. They also wanted to understand the mechanisms by which how discrimination occurs. The researchers performed a cross-sectional study using 7 simulated black, Hispanic, and white callers. T...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe researchers hypothesize that militarization will lead to increased police violence. They studied the 1033 program, which is a U.S. Department of Defense program. It gives excess military equipment to law enforcement agencies (LEA). The researchers looked at the correlation between the amount of equipment transfers and violence. Violence was measured using civilian casualties, change in civilian casualties, and the deaths of dogs. There is a positive and statistically significant corr...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe study sought to clarify the role of boldness in defining psychopathy and distinguish psychopathy from antisocial personality disorder (ASPD).  They used the triarchic model of psychopathy, which describes the disorder along the dimensions of disinhibition, meanness, and boldness, to achieve this. This study evaluated the degree to which aspects of the triarchic model are represented in the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), in comparison with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Five Things to Know About Physician SuicideSuicide is the only cause of death to be higher in physicians than in non physicians. Male physicians are 40% more likely to commit suicide than non-physicians, and female physicians are 127% more likely to commit suicide than non-physicians. Firearms are the most common method to commit suicide. Physicians are more likely to use poisoning, which is likely due to their easier access to prescription medication.In a recent study, 11.1% of medical stude...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Using psychiatric signs or symptoms, symptom severity, diagnoses based on ICD-10, DSM-IV, or the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders (third edition), quality of life, and employment as outcome variables in this systematic review and meta-analysis, the researchers examined the psychiatric and neuropsychiatric (i.e., delirium) displays of SARS, MERS, and COVID-19. If SARS-CoV-2 follows a similar course to SARS-CoV or MERS, most patients will likely recover without experiencing a ...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The authors compared patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) with a healthy control group about childhood traumatic life events, parental attitudes, family history of mental illness, and birth risk factors. BPD patients reported more severe traumatic events and childhood traumatic experiences (i.e., sexual abuse, violence, separation from parents). Attitudes towards parents were significantly more negative in BPD patients. BPD patients also reported higher rates of mental il...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractUsing data from 30-day daily dairies, the authors investigated if self-reports of childhood trauma were associated with variability in daily wellbeing and emotional reactivity to positive and negative daily events. Childhood trauma was associated with lower overall levels of wellbeing with increased variability. They found that emotional reactivity facilitated strong increases and decreases in wellbeing in those reporting childhood traumas in reaction to positive and negative events, res...