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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractIt is important to understand how non-medical interventions impact COVID-19 transmission, especially to plan future measures to combat the ongoing pandemic. In this study, the researchers used data from American counties of reported infections and deaths along with data about how people move from place to place and a mathematical transmission model. Combining these three things, the researchers quantified changes in COVID-19 transmission in the U.S from March 2020 to May 2020. They found...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractDrosophila is a genus of flies that is commonly used as a model organism to study a variety of biological processes. The eyeless gene in Drosophila encodes a transcription factor. It is homologous (has a similar structure) to the Pax-6 gene and Aniridia gene in mice and humans respectively. Aniridia, Pax-6, and eyeless are all expressed during eye development. Loss-of-function mutations in these genes result in eye structures becoming smaller or being lost all together, suggesting that t...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract     Social media has rapidly grown as a medium to disperse information. The popularity of social media has led certain movements such as veganism to become more visible to the average person. This exposure helps veganism to become more accepted by the mainstream. Despite this there is a lack of research on how to properly manage a vegan diet for athletic causes. The researchers of this study reviewed applicable research papers regarding vegan diets. There is little data regarding sp...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractRacial and ethnic disparities in access to health care could be a result of discrimination. In this study, the researchers wanted to identify differences in the rates at which patients, based on their race, are offered primary care appointments and how long they wait for those primary care appointments. They also wanted to understand the mechanisms by which how discrimination occurs. The researchers performed a cross-sectional study using 7 simulated black, Hispanic, and white callers. T...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    AbstractMen and women appear to have different susceptibilities to (COVID-19). The S protein found on the surface of coronaviruses allows the virus to attach to the target (host) cell. After the virus is attached to the host, it will signal for a protein that modifies the S protein and allows the coronavirus to enter the cell. With higher levels of androgens (testosterone), the gene that codes for this protein is expressed more. This could explain why men are more susceptible to COVID19. In orde...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The purpose of this study is to discuss the effect of COVID-19 on the central nervous system (CNS). Databases were searched for relevant articles. Very little information is currently available. However, two studies provide documented data. The involvement of the central nervous system in COVOID-19 infections is largely unexplored and understudied. However, it is very likely that there is neurological involvement in severe patients. Introduction Coronavirus primarily targets th...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThere are many existing hypotheses for the mechanism of DNA replication. There are three main models. The conservative model states that the parent DNA molecule remains completely intact. New DNA molecules are made of completely new strands. The semiconservative model states that each new DNA has one new strand and one parent strand. The dispersive model states that fragments of the parent are randomly passed on.Previous experiments used radioisotope labels to study DNA. In this experime...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Five Things to Know About Physician SuicideSuicide is the only cause of death to be higher in physicians than in non physicians. Male physicians are 40% more likely to commit suicide than non-physicians, and female physicians are 127% more likely to commit suicide than non-physicians. Firearms are the most common method to commit suicide. Physicians are more likely to use poisoning, which is likely due to their easier access to prescription medication.In a recent study, 11.1% of medical stude...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The researchers have developed a machine learning model called the Stability of Planetary Orbital Configurations Klassifier (SPOCK). This model can characterize thousands of planetary systems at once. SPOCK is much quicker and more efficient than former models. The former models based predictions off of angular momentum deficit and chaos. Researchers input the eccentricity of planet orbits, radial velocity, and transit duration into SPOCK. Then, SPOCK can predict how stable the planetar...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe drug BI-RG-587 inhibits HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. It is noncompetitive with respect to dGTP. BI-RG-587 inhibited HIV-1 replication in vitro. BI-RG-587 showed little cytotoxic effects until very high concentrations in culture.Introduction Many drug therapies for HIV-1 target the reverse transcriptase because reverse transcriptase is needed for virus replication. Reverse transcriptase is an enzyme that generates DNA from an RNA template. Many effective inhibitors are nucleoside anal...