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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe abnormal blood coagulation function of severe COVID-19 patients is well known. But the prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is not. This study aims to determine the prevalence of VTE in severe COVID-19 patients. An ultrasound was used to determine if 81 severe patients had VTE. 25% of the patients had VTE, and 40% of the patients with VTE passed away. Age, lymphocytes, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and D-dimer were all differing factors between VTE and non-VTE...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Basic Concepts of Herd ImmunityAcquired immunity is achieved when an individual is infected with a pathogen or is vaccinated, and their immune responses “learn” a response against that pathogen. Herd immunity is essentially the acquired immunity of the population. It refers to the protection of susceptible individuals (i.e., children and the immunocompromised), with no acquired immunity when a sufficiently large proportion of immune individuals exist in the population. The goal of vaccination i...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractResearchers conducted a phylogenetic analysis of 160 human severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) genomes. They found three major variants of the virus: A, B, and C. The A variant represents the ancestral type with the bat coronavirus as the outgroup. The B variant is common in East Asia. But, this variant often mutates when it leaves East Asia. Thus, genetic variation may be lost for the B type of virus outside of Asia. There may also be immunological or environmen...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    AbstractMen and women appear to have different susceptibilities to (COVID-19). The S protein found on the surface of coronaviruses allows the virus to attach to the target (host) cell. After the virus is attached to the host, it will signal for a protein that modifies the S protein and allows the coronavirus to enter the cell. With higher levels of androgens (testosterone), the gene that codes for this protein is expressed more. This could explain why men are more susceptible to COVID19. In orde...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract     Social media has rapidly grown as a medium to disperse information. The popularity of social media has led certain movements such as veganism to become more visible to the average person. This exposure helps veganism to become more accepted by the mainstream. Despite this there is a lack of research on how to properly manage a vegan diet for athletic causes. The researchers of this study reviewed applicable research papers regarding vegan diets. There is little data regarding sp...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract: Respiratory infections such as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) can spread through droplets, airborne particles, and aerosols from speaking, sneezing, or coughing. The spread of the virus can come from presymptomatic, asymptomatic, or symptomatic individuals.The CDC has recommended home-made cloth face coverings for the general public. N95 respirators are the gold standard. Currently they are in short supply and should be reserved for the medical professionals. There is ...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This study was done to see if a disposable N95 mask can be sanitized and reused. Being able to reuse N95 masks would help with the shortage of masks for healthcare workers. Vaporized hydrogen peroxide, ultraviolet light, and ethanol were all tested as decontaminants. The best decontaminant was determined by how well the masks were decontaminated and how well the physical material of the masks held up, known as integrity. Introduction As we know, the SARS-CoV-2 has become a global ...
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    dcyphr-d by Oby Uche on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Carotenoids are colored compounds produced by plants, fungi, and microorganisms. Pea aphids can appear in a red or green color, and the carotenoid torulene occurs only in red pea aphids. The aphid genome encodes multiple enzymes for carotenoid biosynthesis. These genes are derived from fungal genes, which have been integrated into the aphid genome and duplicated. A mutation of a certain region in the red aphid genome that encodes a single carotenoid desaturase results in a loss of fo...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe researchers hypothesize that militarization will lead to increased police violence. They studied the 1033 program, which is a U.S. Department of Defense program. It gives excess military equipment to law enforcement agencies (LEA). The researchers looked at the correlation between the amount of equipment transfers and violence. Violence was measured using civilian casualties, change in civilian casualties, and the deaths of dogs. There is a positive and statistically significant corr...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The purpose of this study is to discuss the effect of COVID-19 on the central nervous system (CNS). Databases were searched for relevant articles. Very little information is currently available. However, two studies provide documented data. The involvement of the central nervous system in COVOID-19 infections is largely unexplored and understudied. However, it is very likely that there is neurological involvement in severe patients. Introduction Coronavirus primarily targets th...