Loading...
dcyphr | Browse
Browse

Take a look to see if the paper you are reading is here. If not, submit a request in the "Request" tab!

  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The tuatara is a reptile species living only in New Zealand. The tuatara are a species that connect the extinct dinosaurs and modern reptiles evolutionarily. Researchers often study the tuatara to understand amniote evolution and development. Amniotes are vertebrates that lay eggs, including reptiles, birds, and some mammals. In this paper, the researchers analyzed the tuatara genome, which is one of the largest vertebrate genomes. They looked at proteins and non-coding RNA, and sequenc...
  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionA novel coronavirus has caused a viral pneumonia outbreak in China. There is evidence of person-to-person transmission. But, the researchers have not yet seen reports of COVID-19 transmission from an asymptomatic carrier. The carrier would have a normal chest computed tomography (CT).AimsThe researchers report a possible transmission of COVID-19 through an asymptomatic carrier.MethodsIn January 2020,  the physicians admitted 5 symptomatic and 1 asymptomatic family members. The sympto...
  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe researchers studied wild-type and Arabidopsis thaliana mutants with off-cycle circadian rhythms. The plants that had a matching circadian clock to the light-dark environment cycles had increased growth and survival. For example, these plants fixed more carbon and had more chlorophyll.IntroductionCircadian clocks are the body's biological clock that works to match external light-dark cycles. Circadian clocks give an advantage to organisms. In plants, circadian clock rhythm genes regul...
  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Aims In this letter to the editor, the authors aim to predict the total number of COVID-19 cases and deaths in Brazil by January 2021. Introduction As of August 19, 2020, Brazil has already had more than 300 million COVID-19 cases. The number of deaths is past 100,000 with a case fatality rate of 3.2%. Case fatality rate is the percentage of patients that pass away due to a disease compared to the total number of cases. The case fatality rate is likely an underestimate because researchers canno...
  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractDeep learning, which is when a machine learns how to perform a task, has a lot of potential in medicine as a tool for diagnostics. However, there have been privacy issues and lack of diverse data. So, many institutions do not use deep learning. Federated learning is a new model that allows institutions to collaborate without sharing patient data. Federated learning is almost as effective as institutions sharing data with one another. This new model can allow even larger amounts of data t...
  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionThe severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is currently causing a pandemic. The 50%% tissue-culture infectious dose [TCID50] is the concentration of the virus needed to kill 50%% of its host cells. MethodsThe authors used a Bayesian regression model to collect data on the decay rates of the SARS viruses. They defined aerosols as particles less than 5 µm in size. They created aerosols using a three-jet Collison nebulizer and a Goldberg drum. The environment cre...
  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionPatients are at risk for many cardiovascular complications due to COVID-19. Such diseases include excessive inflammation, lack of oxygen, inability to move, and diffuse intravascular coagulation (DIC). DIC is when small clots build up throughout the body. Thrombosis is when a blood clot forms and blocks a blood vessel. MethodsPatients in this study were from three different Dutch hospitals. All had COVID-19 pneumonia. They all received varying amounts of thrombophylaxis. Thrombophyla...
  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionA contagious, unusual pneumonia broke out in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The virus originated from another animal and jumped to humans, and it was named COVID-19. This is similar to the SARS and MERS coronavirus. China has 33,789 confirmed cases and 811 deaths as of February 8, 2020.The basic reproductive number (R0) is the average number of new infections that will be created by an infectious person. The R0 is an indication of how transmissible a virus is in a population. If R0 i...
  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionThe Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread throughout China and many European countries. Many countries have shut down businesses, schools, etc. Another strategy is to develop herd immunity while protecting those at greatest risk for COVID-19. MethodsThis study used the effective reproductive number (Rt) instead of the basic reproductive number (R0). The Rt is the estimated number of people that an infected person can transmit the virus to, based on clinical data and testing...
  • 0

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe Northeast Area-wide Tick Control Project (NEATCP) included studies of tick control. The U.S. Department of Agriculture exposed white-tailed deer to acaricide, which are chemicals that kill ticks. They bait the deer using 4-Poster devices, which safely attract and apply the acaricide to the deer. Ixodes scapularis is the deer tick that mostly targets the white-tailed deer. Nymphs of the tick cause Lyme disease. So the more nymphs there are, the more cases of Lyme disease. After six ye...