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    dcyphr-d by Kevin Dai on 2020-06-18
    AbstractSentence Simplification has been unprogressive due to the lack of supervised data (particularly in other languages than English). Martin et al. sought to change that by employing unsupervised mining techniques to automate creation of training corporas for simplification in multiple languages from raw Common Crawl web data. The authors used a controllable generation mechanism that adjusts attributes such as length and lexical complexity, leading to mined paraphrase corpora that can be use...
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    dcyphr-d by Abrielle Robare on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis article is an analysis of police officer body camera footage. Computer programs have evaluated transcripts of the interactions to study the respectfulness of police officers to the people they've pulled over. The researchers found racial disparities in the amount of respect police treat civilians.IntroductionInteractions between officers and civilians are everyday occurrences. The outcome of the conversation depends on the language of both parties. The correlation between the race o...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThough we are aware of the lower quality and access to healthcare of minority, rural, and impoverished individuals, the problem persists. This study discusses the gaps of knowledge and communication that keep these populations from getting healthcare. This study also recommends how to improve current healthcare access programs.IntroductionThere is a known need to minimize health care disparities between majority groups and racial/ethnic  minorities, rural residents, and low income adults...
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    dcyphr-d by Ivan Chan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe main focus of this paper is on retrogenes and transposons. Transposons are pieces of genetic material that can reinsert themselves back into the genome.  Retrogenes are genes that can be created when these transposons are reinserted. While most retrogenes can cause detrimental mutations, there are a small number of retrogenes that can actually create functioning proteins. In this study, chondrodysplasia, a disease that causes some breeds of dogs to have shorter legs, is linked to a r...
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    dcyphr-d by Ivan Chan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe COVID-19 outbreak has become a worldwide pandemic. In this paper, the lockdown strategy enforced by the Chinese government is examined in depth to determine whether it is an effective measure to take for countries that are experiencing severe outbreaks. The researchers examined data on confirmed COVID-19 cases and changes in diagnostic criteria, and found that the spread of the virus was slowed dramatically as soon as the lockdown was implemented, and even more so once more stringent...
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    dcyphr-d by Ivan Chan on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Many filament-like cyanobacteria have a repeating growth pattern of single heterocysts, or cells that specialize in nitrogen fixation, separated by 10 somatic cells. It was discovered that overexpressing a gene, patS, blocked the normal development of heterocysts. When patS was mutated to completely lose its function, there was an increased frequency of heterocysts and an abnormal pattern. When GFP was used as a reporter gene for patS (reporter gene fusion), fluorescence was strongest i...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionResearchers have raised the alarm of possible dental risks associated with COVID-19. Other researchers have established that viruses can infect cells in the oral mucosa. The oral mucosa is the membrane lining the mouth. SARS-CoV-2 infects a cell by binding to the ACE2 (angiotensin-converting enzyme II) receptor. MethodsThe authors looked at how much ACE2 lined different human organs. They used the GTEx portal.ResultsThe researchers found that there is a higher concentration of the AC...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractStudies have shown that the 2019-nCoV virus primarily infects host cells with the ACE2 receptor. This receptor allows the virus to enter the host cell. Using RNA sequencing data, the researchers found that many cells in the oral mucosa (mucous membrane) express ACE2. Many receptors were specifically found in the epithelial cells of the tongue. This indicates that cells in the oral cavity are possibly at high risk for 2019-nCoV infection.AimsThe researchers aim to study if the virus could...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionThe novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is causing the COVID-19 pandemic. Many of the common symptoms of the coronavirus include cough, fever, headache, soreness, and more. In Spain, dermatologists have been treating patients virtually. The researchers noted an increasing number of cases of lesions that resemble chilblains. Chilblains are skin sores that show up when small blood vessels become inflamed from the cold. The majority of patients were children or young adults. They initially h...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThermosets are chemicals made up of multiple subunits that are covalently bonded to one another (cross-linked). The many bonds make a material tough. Thermosets are important in the production of polymers, such as rubber or plastics. But, because thermosets are so sturdy, they are not degradable or recyclable. The authors use thermoset polydicyclopentadiene (pDCPD) for this study. They find that within a subunit or comonomer, there can be bonds that can be broken. If this is the case, th...