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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe coronavirus spike protein (S) allows the virus to begin infecting a cell. The S protein is made of two parts: the S1 and S2 domains. S1 is responsible for letting the virus bind to receptors on the surface of the cell. S2 helps the viral membrane fuse with the cell’s membrane. In certain cases, there are proteins that can cut these two pieces apart. Research has shown that viral entry into the cell requires this proteolysis by cathepsin L, but treatment with trypsin also allows the v...
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    dcyphr-d by Akaash Saraf on 2020-06-18
    Main:Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the virus that causes COVID-19. This virus, which originated from China, has spread to over 200 countries. Public health interventions in China have stopped the spread of the virus in China. However, the rest of the world is still in their first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic.One study of the virus assessed provinces outside Hubei, the virus’s province of origin. The study found that the non-pharmaceutical health interventions t...
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    dcyphr-d by Akaash Saraf on 2020-06-18
    Abstract:SARS-CoV2 is the virus that causes coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a potentially fatal disease that could impact the entire globe. Because many of the infected people were exposed to the wet animal market in Wuhan City, China, many researchers theorized that the animal market is the origin of the virus. The reduction of person-to-person contact has been limited to slow the spread of SARS-CoV2. This review highlights the current concerns regarding the virus and steps to take ...
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    dcyphr-d by Akaash Saraf on 2020-06-18
    Abstract:In late 2019, the pneumonia causing virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), that originated in Wuhan spread rapidly throughout China. The relatively strong transmission capacity of SARS-CoV-2 in comparison to the SARS outbreak of 2003 leads to a rapid increase in confirmed cases. Therefore, prevention and control of the subsequent disease, COVID-19, is crucial. Though the primary symptoms of COVID-19 are respiratory, some patients experience cardiovascular s...
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    dcyphr-d by Akaash Saraf on 2020-06-18
    Abstract:The virus that originated in China, SARS-CoV-2, that led to Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) at the end of 2019 has spread to 28 countries/regions infecting a confirmed 43,000 people. The virus is spread between humans through direct contact or through droplets. The incubation period is 6.4 days and has a reproduction number of 2.24-3.58 (i.e. it is expected that one case will give rise to 2.24-3.58 cases). The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever followed by cough. The drug remdesi...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    AbstractIn this study, researchers examined the blood types of Wuhan patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 with the blood types of healthy citizens in the surrounding area. They found that COVID-19 infections were more common among people with type A blood and less frequent in people with type O blood. This is an early study. Regardless, it should encourage more researchers to study the link between blood type and COVID-19 infection rate.IntroductionPast studies have shown that traits such as age, g...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    Abstract / IntroductionFinding genes that are mutated in human cancers has given us knowledge on how cancers form. This knowledge has allowed us to develop new ways to treat cancer. In this study, researchers analyze the genetic changes that take place during the development of breast and colorectal cancers. They did so by sequencing DNA from breast and colorectal tumors while also browsing RefSeq, a database that details most known human gene sequences. Sequencing StrategyThe researchers used t...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe purpose of the study detailed here is to examine lung abnormalities in COVID-19 patients with CT scans and to see how these abnormalities are connected to how long they’ve had the disease. Scans performed on 112 patients show that CT scans could be used to measure the severity of lung damage in COVID-19 patients. These scans showed that the disease changes rapidly at first, but remains stable afterwards.IntroductionCOVID-19 first appeared in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and pneumoni...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    AbstractKnowledge on masks and their ability to slow the spread of COVID-19 is constantly developing. Public officials need info on how masks can best be used by the public to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 is spread by droplets in infected people's lungs. These droplets are released outside the body through sneezing and coughing. Healthy people can contract COVID-19 if these infected droplets enter their bodies. Masks slow virus spread by limiting the movement of these droplets through t...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis paper covers findings from South Korea’s nationwide contact tracing efforts. These efforts were carried out to monitor and slow COVID-19 infections in the country. The authors analyze reports from the contact tracing and come up with infection statistics for people who got infected at home and for people who got infected elsewhere.IntroductionContact tracing is important for slowing the spread of COVID-19. South Korea has kept track of who has come into contact with whom by looking ...