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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This research team has designed a coating that can lower the ability of SARS-CoV-2 virus to live on solid surfaces. The coating can be applied to commonly touched objects like doorknobs, pens, phone cases, and credit card keypad buttons for example. The coating reduces the living virus by an average of 99.9% in one hour and continues to work after exposure to water and other disinfectants. Aims This study aims to create a coating that can prevent the spread of COVID-19 by eliminating l...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract There are studies that look at the effect of a pesticide on ecosystems, but not many studies have been done on the mixtures of pesticides that can pollute ecosystems. This study looks at 2600 samples, up to 47 pesticides, and 15 waterways that all flow into the Great Barrier Reef. 99.8% of samples contained pesticides. 80% of samples contained anywhere from 2 to 20 different pesticides. The use of land affected the types of pesticide in the samples, and land used to grow sugar cane ha...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThere is little information on exposure to sexual violence in low income urban African Americans. This study is composed on answers from 1,300 African Americans from Detroit on lifetime sexual violence and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Lifetime sexual violence was 26.3% for women and 5.1% for men, and victims reported more other traumatic events, 4 times greater unadjusted odds of PTSD, and 1.6 times greater adjusted odds of PTSD. More screening should be done in urban African...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractStress exposure during childhood and adulthood is linked to increased risk for lifetime disease and shortened telomere length. Shortened telomere length may be involved in the relationship between lifetime stress exposure and an increased risk for disease. The authors conducted a longitudinal study to examine telomere length reduction over time and how it may be related to the total count, duration (acute or chronic), timing (childhood or adulthood), and perceived severity of stressors. ...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractLysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) has well-known effects on perception and is used to supplement psychotherapy for anxiety in those with life-threatening illnesses. Unknown, however, is its effects on emotional processing in ways applicable to therapy. Using the Face Emotion Recognition Task (FERT) to measure emotional processing, the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET) to measure empathy, and the Social Value Orientation (SVO) test to assess social behavior, the authors found LSD to impair f...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) patients do not respond to antidepressant medication and have a chronic and debilitating form of major depressive disorder (MDD). TRD patients may benefit from trauma-focused psychotherapies, specifically trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy (EMDR). These psychotherapies significantly reduced depressive symptoms, with EMDR’s effects, in particular, being maintained at 12 weeks ...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractParaphilia comes with much stigmatization as “normal” sexual behavior is viewed as a consensual sexual activity aimed at reproduction. The DSM-V reduces the stigmatization of consensual abnormal sexual activity by distinguishing between paraphilias and paraphilic disorders. Pedophilic disorder is the only paraphilic disorder that can not be in remission or expressed in a “controlled environment.” This study aims to illustrate the discussion surrounding paraphilias (and disorders) and the...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractDifferent pharmacological treatments are used to treat paraphilic disorders in sexual offenders (i.e., pedophiles). Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists are the most recently used treatments combined with psychotherapy. The authors aimed to update what is known about LHRH in treating sexual offenders. They used 24 eligible studies reporting on 256 patients. LHRH agonists seem to be more effective than steroidal antiandrogens (testosterone blockers) in reducing paraphilic...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    Abstract     COVID-19 is only one of the life-threatening outbreaks that took place in the last decade. Experts believe that the COVID-19 virus originated in Wuhan, Hubei, China. The emergence of coronaviruses like this may be a big threat to people’s health across the world. Research on SARS-CoV may help scientists understand COVID-19 since the two viruses have many similarities epidemiologically. In this paper, researchers look into using monoclonal antibodies to help treat SARS-CoV and MERS-C...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    Significance    According to sexual science, homosexual men statistically have more older brothers than heterosexual men (fraternal birth order effect). The authors of this paper found interest in studying human sexual orientation because of its social controversy and the lack of a known biological reason. Researchers look to examine the relationship between a maternal immune response and a protein involved in male brain development to begin looking for an explanation for the fraternal birth ord...